Deriving a Framework for a Systems Approach to Agitated Patient Care in the Emergency Department: The rising agitated patient population presenting to the emergency department (ED)
has caused increasing safety threats for health care workers and patients. Development
of evidence-based strategies has been limited by the lack of a structured framework
to examine agitated patient care in the ED. In this study, a systems approach from
the patient safety literature was used to derive a comprehensive theoretical framework
for addressing ED patient agitation.